Most Popular Angioplasty Web Site
Stent Center Stent Center
with support from Medtronic Cardiovascular
FDA Approves Medtronic's Resolute Drug-Eluting Stent Platform for Treatment of Chronic Total Occlusions
Share This Story:
Bookmark and Share

Angioplasty.Org Image
Medtronic Onyx Drug-Eluting Stent
February 26, 2019 -- The FDA today approved an expanded indication for Medtronic's family of Resolute zotarolimus-eluting coronary stents: use in the treatment of de novo chronic total occlusions (CTO). This approval includes all Resolute DES devices, including the Resolute Onyx™ and Resolute Integrity™ DES.

Patients with CTO have historically been considered more difficult to treat with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI, a.k.a. angioplasty) due to a greater risk of complications. In many cases, the total occlusion was left alone or treated invasively via coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), or open-heart surgery. But with the advent of new technology, better wires, and new approaches (such as dual radial/femoral) the treatment of chronic total occlusions has become feasible using the less invasive techniques of balloons and stents.

The Resolute platform joins the previously-approved Xience stent family (from Abbott) in having shown excellent results in CTO, virtually no different at one year from a standard PCI in a non-totally obstructed artery.

Today's approval is timed perfectly with the start of the 2019 Chronic Total Occlusion Summit in New York, organized by the Cardiovascular Research Foundation, where interventional cardiologists worldwide will attend to learn the latest techniques for opening these totally closed coronary arteries.

In a 1985 interview, Andreas Gruentzig, the inventor of coronary angioplasty, told this author, "The total closure is a real problem. If we cannot solve the total closure problem, we probably will never really address the question of multi-vessel disease dilatation." Today that problem is being solved on many fronts.

This morning's press release from Medtronic follows:

Medtronic Resolute™ Drug-Eluting Stent (DES) Platform Receives Expanded Indication for Treatment of Chronic Total Occlusion (CTO)
FDA Approval Allows Interventional Cardiologists Access to Resolute DES Technology to Treat De Novo CTO

February 26, 2019 -- Dublin -- Medtronic plc (NYSE:MDT) today announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of its Resolute Drug-Eluting Stent (DES) platform (including the Resolute Onyx™ and Resolute Integrity™ DES) for the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease who have de novo chronic total occlusion (CTO), a complex vessel condition involving complete blockage of a coronary artery. CTO is considered more difficult to treat with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) due to a greater risk of complications.

Dr. David Kandzari
Dr. David Kandzari

"Revascularization of CTO presents physicians with many challenges - both regarding procedural technique and tools - given the patient and disease complexity. In part because of these challenges, CTO remains undertreated in interventional cardiology," said David Kandzari, M.D., director of interventional cardiology and chief scientific officer, Piedmont Heart Institute in Atlanta, Ga., and principal investigator in the PERSPECTIVE Study, from which data were used to obtain FDA approval. "The newest-generation, thin-strut Resolute Onyx DES, in particular, is well-suited to address the procedural challenges of deliverability and conformability, with now demonstrated excellent early and late safety and efficacy."

Affecting approximately 20 to 30 percent of patients undergoing routine diagnostic coronary angiography, CTO occurs when there is heavy build-up of atherosclerotic plaque within the artery, one of the complications of coronary artery disease. Currently, approximately 5-7 percent of the patients who are diagnosed with a CTO are able to undergo PCI.

The expanded CTO indication was supported by data from the PERSPECTIVE Study, a single-center, observational study of 183 CTO patients who underwent a stent procedure with the older-generation Resolute Integrity™ DES. Results showed that patients treated with the Resolute DES exhibited low rates of repeat revascularization (1.1 percent), cardiac death (2.2 percent) and minimal stent thrombosis (0.6 percent) at one year.

"This expanded indication will allow physicians the option to treat these more complex CTO cases with the Resolute Onyx DES, which has shown strong clinical performance across a variety of vessel sizes and anatomies," said Dave Moeller, vice president and general manager of the Coronary and Renal Denervation business, which is part of the Cardiac and Vascular Group at Medtronic. "Medtronic is committed to helping interventional cardiologists better treat the tough, complex coronary cases that have historically required more invasive treatment options, such coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), or open-heart surgery."

Physicians will have an opportunity to learn more about Resolute Onyx for the treatment of CTO at the Chronic Total Occlusion Summit, an interventional cardiology meeting in New York City, sponsored by the Cardiovascular Research Foundation, with sessions focused on advanced techniques and evidence-based medicine.

Approved in the U.S. in 2017 following Resolute Integrity DES, the newest-generation Resolute Onyx is the first and only DES to feature Core Wire Technology, a unique Medtronic method of stent manufacturing that involves forming a single strand of cobalt alloy wire into a sinusoidal wave to construct a stent. Core Wire Technology enables greater deliverability and conformability to the vessel wall, along with thinner struts while maintaining structural strength. With a size matrix covering 2.0-5.0 mm, physicians can use Resolute Onyx in complex CTO lesions in a broad range of vessel sizes.

About Medtronic
Medtronic plc ( headquartered in Dublin, Ireland, is among the world's largest medical technology, services and solutions companies - alleviating pain, restoring health and extending life for millions of people around the world. Medtronic employs more than 86,000 people worldwide, serving physicians, hospitals and patients in more than 150 countries. The company is focused on collaborating with stakeholders around the world to take healthcare Further, Together.

Any forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties such as those described in Medtronic's periodic reports on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Actual results may differ materially from anticipated results.

Reported by Burt Cohen, February 26, 2019