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Study: Terumo TR Band™ Hemostasis Device Reduces Radial Artery Occlusion by 56%

TR Band hemostasis device
TR Band hemostasis device

November 11, 2008 -- A new study, conducted by Dr. Samir B. Pancholy of Mercy Hospital in Scranton, Pennsylvania, shows that the concept of "guided compression" in transradial procedures can reduce radial artery occlusion by 56%, especially when facilitated by the use of the TR Band™ Hemostasis Device.

While infrequent (in the single digits), radial artery occlusion is a discouraging complication of radial artery access.

Although it is usually benign for the patient, it precludes future radial access. For example, if the radial artery occludes after a diagnostic catheterization, any subsequent PCI procedures must be done via the femoral artery.

Pancholy's work has been ground-breaking, in that it discovered one of the primary causes of radial artery occlusion: rapidly-organizing thombus. Almost by accident, Pancholy confirmed what many had hypothesized (he describes the incident in detail in our exclusive interview): namely, that a major cause of radial artery occlusion is blood clotting that occurs during hemostasis of the radial artery. Occlusive pressure for long periods of time certainly stops any bleeding, but pressure that is too compressive for too lengthy a period of time can cause blood clotting that occludes the radial artery.

Dr. Pancholy explains:

"We thought, well, when a blood vessel gets traumatized, for example during balloon angioplasty, what do we do to make sure it doesn't clot up? One thing is to establish constant blood flow so that the thrombus doesn't get a chance to propagate.

"So we thought that occlusively compressing the radial artery to achieve hemostasis was making chronic occlusion of the radial artery more frequent than it would have been otherwise, just based on trauma."

    Samir B. Pancholy MD, FACC, FSCAI
Samir B. Pancholy MD

To test this hypothesis, Pancholy and colleagues established a protocol for monitoring radial artery patency during hemostasis using pulse oximetry, to make sure the radial artery is not being compressed occlusively. He calls this "guided compression", utilized to achieve "patent hemostasis". The results of the initial study, titled PROPHET, were recently published online in Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions. The study showed that monitoring the patency of the radial artery during hemostasis, and reducing compression accordingly, resulted in a significant reduction in radial artery occlusion.

But there are a number of methods for achieving hemostasis in a radial procedure. Pancholy looked at data from his own lab and saw that patients on whom he had used the TR Band, as opposed to the commonly-used HemoBand, had significantly lower rates of radial artery occlusion. So Dr. Pancholy devised a randomized clinical study to test the efficacy of the TR Band in preventing radial artery occlusion.

500 consecutive patients undergoing transradial catheterization were prospectively enrolled in the study. 250 consecutive patients received hemostasis by application of HemoBand (Group I) and the next 250 patients received hemostasis using the inflatable TR band (Group II). Radial artery patency was studied the time of application of the hemostasis device, at 30 minutes, 60 minutes and at 24 hour and 30 days using Barbeau’s test.

Radial Artery Occlusion with TR Band and HemoBand    

The results were that 28 patients in Group I (11.2%), developed evidence of early occlusion (at 24 h), compared to 11 patients (4.4%) in Group II (P<0.005). This represents a 61% decrease in early occlusion.

18 patients in Group I (7.2%), developed evidence of chronic occlusion (at 30 days), compared to 8 patients (3.2%) in Group II (P<0.05). This represents a 56% decrease . Early (30 minute) return of patency was seen more frequently in Group II using TR band compared to Group I using hemoband (75% vs 24%, P<0.001), probably related to a significant early (30 minute) decrease in TR band air chamber pressure. No significant bleeding complication occurred in either group.

The conclusion of the study was that a significant reduction in radial artery occlusion was noted with hemostasis using TR band, compared to HemoBand, without compromising hemostatic efficacy.

His explanation of the results can be read in detail in Dr. Pancholy's interview, but the bottom line is that the TR Band automatically and incrementally lowers the occlusive pressure on the radial artery over a two hour period and results in a significant reduction of occlusion.

The take-away from Pancholy's studies is that when achieving hemostasis in a radial procedure, longer and stronger compression, commonly used for the femoral artery, is counter-productive and results in higher rates of radial artery occlusion.


Reported by Burt Cohen, November 11, 2008